UPSC Santali Literature Syllabus for IAS Mains 2020
Santali is one of the optional literature paper in IAS Exam. It consists of two papers, i.e. (paper 1 and 2) carries 250 marks each, in a total of 500 marks. This paper is considered an easy one, for aspirants who are well versed with the Santali language and are familiar with the grammatical aspects too! It is considered an easy ride for those who are native Santali speakers and have a hold on the general aspects of the language. This article provides you with the latest Santali literature optional syllabus for UPSC IAS Mains 2020. Download the complete syllabus PDF from here.
UPSC Mains Santali Syllabus Paper – I
(Answers must be written in Santali)
Part – I
History of Santali Language
- Main Austric Language family, population and distribution.
- Grammatical structure of Santali Language.
- Important character of Santali Language : Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Translation, Lexicography.
- Impact of other languages on Santali.
- Standardization of Santali Language.
Part – II
History of Santali Literature
I. Literary trends of the following four periods of
- Ancient literature before 1854.
- Missionary period : Literature between 1855 to 1889 AD.
- Medieval period: Literature between 1890 to 1946 AD.
- Modern period: Literature from 1947 AD to till date.
II. Writing tradition in History of Santali literature.
Literary forms – Main characteristics, history and development of following literary forms.
Part – I
Folk Literature in Santali – folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms, puzzles, and Kudum.
Part – II
Modern literature in Santali
- Development of poetry and prominent poets.
- Development of prose and prominent writers.
- Novels and prominent Novelists.
- Stories and prominent story writers.
- Drama and prominent Dramatist.
- Criticism and prominent critics. (v) Essay, sketches, memoirs, travelogues and prominent writers.
Shyam Sundar Hembram, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Barha Beshra, Sadhu Ramchand Murmu, Narayan Soren ‘Toresutam’, Sarada Prasad Kisku, Raghunath Tudu, Kalipada Soren, Sakla Soren, Digambar Hansda, Aditya Mitra ‘Santali’, Babulal Murmu ‘Adivasi’, Jadumani Beshra, Arjun Hembram, Krishna Chandra Tudu, Rupchand Hansda, Kalendra Nath Mandi, Mahadev Hansda, Gour Chandra Murmu, Thakur Prasad Murmu, Hara Prasad Murmu, Uday Nath Majhi, Parimal Hembram, Dhirendra Nath Baske, Shyam Charan Hembram, Damayanti Beshra, T.K. Rapaj, Boyha Biswanath Tudu.
Part – III
Cultural Heritage of Santali tradition, customs, festival and rituals (birth, marriage and death).
UPSC Mains Santali Syllabus Paper – II
(Answers must be written in Santali)
This paper will require in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions will be designed to test the candidates’ critical ability.
- Kherwal Bonso Dhorom Puthi – Majhi Ramdas Tudu “Rasika”.
- Mare Hapramko Reyak Katha – L. O. Scrafsrud.
- Jomsim Binti Lita – Mangal Chandra Turkulumang Soren.
- Marang Buru Binti – Kanailal Tudu.
- Karam Sereng – Nunku Soren.
- Devi Dasain Sereng – Manindra Hansda.
- Horh Sereng – W.G. Archer.
- Baha Sereng – Balaram Tudu.
- Dong Sereng – Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’
- Hor Sereng – Raghunath Murmu.
- Soros Sereng – Babulal Murmu “Adivasi”.
- More Sin More Nida – Rup chand Hansda.
- Judasi Madwa Latar – Tez Narayan Murmu.
Part I – Poetry
- Onorhen Baha Dhalwak – Paul Jujhar Soren.
- Asar Binti – Narayan Soren “Tore Sutam”
- Chand Mala – Gora Chand Tudu.
- Onto Baha Mala – Aditya Mitra « Santali ».
- Tiryo Tetang – Hari Har Hansda.
- Sisirjon Rar – Thakur Prasad Murmu.
Part II – Novels
- Harmawak Ato – R.Karstiars (Translator – R.R. Kisku Rapaz)
- Manu Mati – Chandra Mohan Hansda.
- Ato Orak – Doman Hansdak.
- Ojoy Gada Dhiph re – Nathenial Murmu.
Part III – Stories
- Jiyon Gada – Rup Chand Hansda and Jadumani Beshra.
- Mayajaal – Doman Sahu ‘Samir’ and Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’
Part IV – Drama
- Kherwar Bir – Pandit Raghunath Murmu
- Juri Khatir – Dr. K.C. Tudu.
- Birsa Bir – Ravi Lal Tudu
Part V – Biography
- Santal Ko Ren Mayam Gohako-Dr. Biswanath Hansda
Also, Check Other UPSC IAS Optional Subject’s Syllabus
Facts about the Santali Language
Santali is a tribal language. It represents the Santali culture. Pandit Raghunath Murmu first developed the language in the year 1920.
The Santali language sadly did not have a written script of its own till 1920. Pandit Murmu, who studied the language, gave it new wings by establishing a written script called Ol Chiki and highlighted the significance of the language.
It is the language spoken by the Munda tribes of India. The language is popular in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan countries, where the Munda tribe is prominent. It is spoken by almost 6 million people all over. Till the time Santali got a written script of its own, the Munda tribal’s depended on Bengali or Oriya to write down any content.
There are several popular dialects of the language, and they can be heard among locals residing near the Chota Nagpur plateau. It is also interesting enough to note that just like the language variations, there is a difference in the script variations too. There is no uniqueness hidden in the script used for the language.
In India, the Oriya and the Bengali scripts are used for written communication by the tribes in their respective states. So, the language is more centered around the tribal migration and settlement aspects than pertaining to a particular language of any land.
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