Paragraph on Water Pollution: Almost 70% of the earth is made with water, and only 1% is available for domestic and industrial use. If people keep on polluting water, it is natural that water resources will run out, which will eventually result in a catastrophe.
Short Paragraph on Water Pollution – 100 Words
When toxic substances are dumped into the water and get mixed with it, it leads to water contamination. This is known as water pollution. Water pollution can be caused both by natural and human-made reasons. Natural causes like volcanic eruptions and earthquakes affect the quality of water. However, people are more than responsible for damage to water quality. Discharge from industries, factories, sewage treatment plants causes water to get dirty and contaminated with chemicals affecting the life of water-dwelling creatures.
A large scale of pesticides and fertilizers washed out from agricultural fields also cause water pollution. To prevent water pollution, urban areas must be installed with centralised sewage treatment plants. Construction sites should implement methods like mulching and hydro-seeding to prevent the erosion of toxic substances from the site. Proper implementation of practices like sedimentation, filtration, and sterilization must be done to avoid the pollution of water so that people don’t have to deal with the repercussions of contaminating the water and live with clean water forever.
Long Paragraph on Water Pollution – 250 Words
One of the essential things for the existence of humanity and all other species is water. Without water, life on earth would cease to exist. In simple words, water is the elixir of life. But it is being contaminated every day. Without even blinking an eye, people litter the roads with plastics and papers that eventually get carried by wind to land in the water. This contamination of water is known as water pollution.
Although water pollution is caused by natural causes like earthquakes, storms, and algae blooms, manmade causes are the major reasons. One of the significant causes of water pollution is agriculture. Reports state that approximately 2 million tonnes of pesticides were used in 2019, and it is expected to rise to 3.5 million tonnes in 2020. The use of pesticides, insecticides, and chemical fertilizers result in their draining with the residual water from the irrigation fields into rivers and nearby water bodies.
Rainwater containing contaminants are also absorbed into the soil, causing groundwater pollution. If water pollution is not controlled, water-borne diseases like typhoid, cholera, hepatitis will rise. These are caused by disease-causing micro-organisms or pathogens present in the water. Urban areas should implement a ‘green infrastructure’ where more trees should be planted.
This will help in managing the storm-water runoff. Industries should install septic tanks to reduce the pollutants in the water before discharging it. Households should implement a better waste management system by separating the wet and dry wastes. Farmers should follow integrated pest management to reduce using chemicals not to affect the quality of water. If all of this is not done, water quality will be on a rapid decline, and essentially the 1% of drinkable water that earth has will be exhausted, leaving the entire population on earth high and dry.