Essay on Water Scarcity: Poor water resources management and ever-increasing population have created a global water crisis. The value of water is undoubtedly undermined, and we see a lack of optimization and planning by authorities. Taps running dry in many areas are a clear indication of the alarming situation. The government’s huge demand-supply gap and apathy have further worsened the situation. Groundwater systems have almost dried up, and many areas don’t have access to clean drinking water.
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Essay on Water Scarcity 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Water Scarcity Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Water scarcity means a lack of sufficient water supplies to meet water consumption demands in an area. Water stress, water shortages and water crises are all involved. While water stress is relatively newer, it is challenging to obtain freshwater sources to use over the long term. It could lead to further depletion and deterioration of the existing water resources. Water shortages could be caused by a change in climates, such as changing weather patterns, including droughts or floods.
Water scarcity can come as a result of two mechanisms: the physical (absolute) shortage of water and the economic shortage of water where the physical shortages of natural water supplies are a result of inadequate natural water resources to meet the needs of one country, and the economic shortage of water due to poor management of adequate water resources available.
Causes of Water Scarcity
The shortage of water is mostly a human-made activity because of excess population growth and water resources mismanagement. Some of the critical reasons for water shortages are:
India belongs to the world’s leading producers of farm products, and therefore the consumption of water for irrigation is amongst the highest. Traditional irrigation technology causes the most considerable loss of water due to evaporation, runoff, percolation, water distribution and over-use of groundwater. As more areas are subjected to conventional irrigation methods, the stress for water available for other purposes will continue. The solution lies in a broad application of micro-irrigation methods, including drips and sprinklers irrigation.
Rapid development is ignoring the conventional bodies of water that have also been a source of groundwater recovery. Traditional aquifers must urgently be rekindled, and new ones must be implemented. Government intervention is urgently needed at the source to address this problem. Lack of on-time de-silting in large water systems which can increase the potential for monsoon water storage is another reason for the scarcity of water. Shockingly, governments at state levels have not taken this up on priority as an annual practice. This alone will add considerably to the storage levels of water.
Rising concretisation due to urban growth that has chocked groundwater sources has exacerbated the problem. Water is not recharged or stored in ways that make its use efficient while retaining the natural ingredients of water. Besides, it severely reduces the availability of drinking water through the entry of waste and industrial waste into water systems. In these areas, marine life is already mostly extinct. This is the source of an emerging crisis that is very serious. We can never find sustainable solutions if we do not understand the source of the problem.
Solutions to Overcome Water Scarcity Problems
There is a large amount of water lost while washing the dishes at home. Our methods of washing dishes must be modified, and the habit of water running must be reduced. A small step here can make substantial water savings. The priority must be given to water infrastructure improvements as water conservation, and efficiency is critical elements in sustainable water management.
Solar desalination and intelligent irrigation systems are strong examples of clean technology for water efficiency and control. That applies even more to the agriculture and farming sector – the largest water consumer. The irrigation of rainwater and wastewater treatment often eliminates shortages and decreases stresses on land and other natural water bodies. Water crisis management education is crucial. It is necessary to drastically amend all consumption types, from individual users to large corporations’ supply chains, to cope with potential water shortages.