500+ Words Essay on Wildlife Conservation
“Wherever there are wild animals in the world, there is always an opportunity for caring, compassion, and kindness.”
Wildlife refers to the species of animals that are not domesticated. It plays a significant role in preserving the Earth’s ecological balance. It also provides stability to different natural processes.
Wildlife conservation is a well- way of protecting wildlife populations and ecosystems and plants. Each species in the world needs food, water, shelter and, most importantly, reproductive opportunities.
Wildlife is a beautiful divine invention. God did not construct the universe exclusively for man. On this Earth, we consider the magnificent oak to the tiniest grass, from the giant whale to the smallest fries, in the wood. God forms all of these in a very balanced way.
We, human beings, are not capable of contributing to these marvellous creations of nature but can preserve them. Thus, wildlife protection is essential to preserve the equilibrium of mother earth.
Types of Wildlife Conservation
Conservation of wildlife can be divided into two essential terms, namely “in situ conservation” and “ex-situ conservation.”
In-situ protection – This form of protection preserves the imperil animal or plant in its natural environment. In Situ Conservation falls under initiatives such as National Parks, Biological Reserves.
Ex-situ conservation – Ex-situ wildlife protection simply means off-site protection of wild animals and plants by eliminating and relocating a portion of a population to protected habitat.
Need for Wildlife Conservation
Conservation of wildlife is necessary to maintain a healthy ecological equilibrium among all living things. Every living being on this planet has a unique place in the food chain, and therefore contribute in their specific way to the ecosystem. Unfortunately, humans are destroying many natural ecosystems of plants and animals for land creation and firming.
Some other factors that lead to the disappearance of wildlife are like poaching for fur, jewellery, meat, and leathers etc. If we do not take any action to save biodiversity, then one day all animals will be on the list of endangered species.
It is up to us to save the wildlife and our planet. It is also vital for medical values since a considerable number of plants and animal species are used to derive certain essential drugs. Ayurveda, India’s ancient medicinal system, also uses extracts of various herbs and plants.
The protection of wildlife is essential for agriculture and agriculture. Wildlife plays a crucial role in growing crops and relies on these crops for a significant amount of population in this country.
Wildlife protection is essential for preserving a safe and healthy climate. Birds like Eagle and Vulture, for example, contribute to nature by collecting dead bodies from animals and keeping the surroundings healthy.
Effective Wildlife Conservation methods in India
To protect the environment, various types of wildlife management approaches may be employed. The following are some vital wildlife conservation methods in India:-
Wildlife conservation laws – We have wildlife protection laws in our country. The 1972 Wildlife Protection Act is an act which attempts to protect the Indian wildlife. The Indian parliament enacted this act on 9 September 1972, and after that, the destruction of wildlife was limited to some degree.
Habitat management – This approach is used to perform wildlife conservation surveys and to hold statistical data. After that, the wildlife habitat can be improved.
Creation of protected area – Protected areas are created to preserve wildlife, such as national parks, reserve forests, wildlife sanctuaries, etc. In these restricted regions, wildlife protection laws are implemented to protect the species.
Awareness – There is a need to educate the people about the value of wildlife for wildlife conservation in India. Some people neglect or hurt wildlife since they are unaware of wildlife’s significance. Thus, awareness of conserving wildlife in India can be spread amongst people.
Eliminating superstitions from our society – Wildlife has always been endangered by superstition. Many body parts of wild animals, parts of trees are used as treatments for other diseases. Such remedies have no theoretical basis at all. Also, some people claim that bone, fur etc. will heal their chronic illness by wearing or using other animals.
Those are nothing other than superstition. Animals are murdered to satisfy such blind beliefs. So, these superstitions need to be eliminated from society for the protection of wildlife in India.
India has a wide range of wild animals such as Indochinese tigers, Asian lions, Indochinese leopards, various deer species, and many more. However, due to certain factors such as unnecessary hunting, illegal trade, habitat degradation, deforestation, etc., some animals and birds are on the border of destruction.
While India’s government is taking measures to protect Wildlife, India’s fundamental heritage, every Indian person needs to think it is their responsibility to protect wildlife.
The government must regulate the hunting and trade of animals by enforcing strict laws to succeed in conserving wildlife. India is now a strong example for the world because it is taking efforts to protect biodiversity. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 serves as a landmark in wildlife conservation.
Wildlife is a large part of Mother Earth. Without wildlife, it is almost painful to picture the world. Furthermore, we need to stop the beautiful wildlife from being killed. Rules on wildlife management will do nothing if we do not acknowledge the value of wildlife on our own.
It is high time; wildlife should be protected for its potential existence. The government should take strict wildlife management steps. Along with government efforts, awareness, and people’s cooperation are required for wildlife conservation in India.
The value of these essential natural resources is something people need to know. Wildlife is part and parcel of our national heritage. Therefore, we must protect wildlife for our future generation.