You have always come across the question “Write an essay on World Environment Day”, “paragraph on Environment Day” so your quest ends here. Here you will find the best samples essay on World Environment Day in English for class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 school students.
Essay on World Environment Day
The environment is surrounding or a condition in which all life forms exists. It is not just green that we see around us but a life-giving source to all the species on earth.
An entire ecosystem exists in the environment which supplements a structured pattern for living. We celebrate World Environment Day every year on 5th June to value and cherish the elements provided to us by Mother Nature and to promote awareness about among the masses.
But the hard work that is exerted by many individuals is neglected, turning nature obsolete and dangerous to live.
Source of Environmental Degradation
Pollution is the root cause of the disintegration of the environment. The human being is the chief agent in sabotaging the whole ecosystem. It occurs when the natural elements are destroyed.
Certain aspects which nature could not break down lingers on the surface and pollutes the surrounding—several types of pollution on Earth: Air, water, soil and noise.
Air Pollution – It is a mixture of harmful gases and chemicals which are detrimental to human health and the planet. The smoke emitted from the vehicles, the toxic gases and particles released from factories, a person smoking a cigarette in open, burning of fossil fuel, and using chlorofluorocarbons in the form of the refrigerator, air-conditioners, deodorants etc. not only contributes to climate change but also gets exacerbated.
Smog and soot that gets developed are especially dangerous as it attacks our lungs and bloodstreams and causes severe bronchitis. Furthermore, it causes allergies, irritation in the eyes and throat and leads to heart-attacks.
Air pollutants in the air affect our liver, immune and nervous system. Another prevalent among them are greenhouse gases which lead to warmer temperatures, extreme weather, rising sea levels and heat-related deaths.
Water Pollution – Pollution caused due to the chemicals and micro-organisms released into the water bodies’ thus degrading water quality and making it unfit for consumption and fatal to aquatic life.
Water is named as the Universal Solvent as it has the property of dissolving more substances than any other liquid. Toxic substances which are released into the water through farms, towns, factories etc. causes water pollution.
Groundwater which gets accumulated because of rain gets polluted due to pesticides and fertilizers. Marine debris especially plastic makes it uncomfortable for the aquatic life to breathe and survive.
Seas and Oceans are spoiled by oil spills and leaks which further damages our oxygen generating plant known as phytoplankton. Diseases like cholera, typhoid, dysentery etc. are spread by consuming polluted water. Also, skin rashes, pinkeye, respiratory infections, and hepatitis are too caused by low water quality.
Soil Pollution – It is caused by industrial waste, agricultural chemicals and improper disposal of waste. Mine activity, oil spills, acid rain, intensive farming, road debris, constructional activities, etc. contributes to the loss of fertile soil.
Moreover, nuclear wastes, landfill, electronic waste, releasing industrial waste into the ground etc. causes further damage to the environment, thus making it infertile and toxic. It is not only harmful to plants but humans and animals too.
Children are more prone to get affected because of coming in contact with soil while playing. Health problems like headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation, liver damage and kidney failure are caused.
Noise Pollution – It is also known as sound pollution is defined as regular exposure to an extreme sound level which causes adverse effects on humans and animals.
The places from where it is caused are industries, highway, railway, airway, construction activities, sounds playing during processions etc. Animals are hurt most because they cannot shield themselves. To protect them, they relocate to other to avoid noise.
Such a change in their habitat can have grave effects on the ecosystems. When subjected to prolonged, loud sound causes hazardous health problems like hypertension, hearing loss, sleep disturbances, increased blood pressure, impaired child development etc.
Need for World Environment Day
In the words of Margaret Thatcher, “There is no monopoly on this earth for any generation; we all are for the survival of life –the cost of which we have to pay.
Nobody owes the world; everyone living on this planet is temporary. It is humans who depend upon Mother Nature for its existence. It is essential and crucial to save our world from misuse and deleterious effects.
Also, the resources gifted to us should be adequately mechanised, respected and used judiciously. Prevention is only possible through consistent efforts and awareness.
The government should not be the only force to curb pollution, but it is mandatory for the people to act responsibly and collectively to take measures against pollution.
On World Environment Day, we should reduce plastic consumption and adopt eco-friendly products in our day to day life. An oath should be taken to plant more trees and plants to increase the percentage of oxygen.
By joining campaigns, awareness programs, we can implement carpooling and using public transport the most. The three R’s- Reduce, Reuse and Recycle should be followed to avert pollution. The leaders who propagate saving environment should receive maximum support as it will help to reduce climate change.
It is necessary to stop using CFC and burning of fossil fuels to improve air quality. Biogas preparation is an excellent method for dumped garbage. The use of pesticides and harmful fertilizers in agricultural activities should be discouraged.
Organic farming is an alternative to minimalize pollution. Floods cause fertile soil to get washed away; therefore, mangroves should not be destroyed as they prevent floods and Tsunamis, thus saving soil for agriculture.
The young generation should be encouraged and motivated to plant and care for their environment as they are the bright future generation. Also, it is crucial to understand that a whole ecosystem contains various species and disrupting one will create a massive void.
The theme for World Environment Day 2019 was Air Pollution as it is causing global warming at a more considerable rate. In addition, Trees, animals, and humans are interrelated and depend upon each other therefore living harmoniously with each other is the only option and necessity for better living.