World Environment Day – 5th June 2020
Our Environment or Mother Nature as we call it is the primary source of our existence. Mother Nature is the home for different species of animal and plants. Flora and Fauna both blossom in the lap of mother nature. It is now very critical for us to take care of Mother Nature, which is the primary source of our existence.
Given this United Nations has proclaimed that we celebrate World Environment Day on the 5th of June every year. This day is used to stimulate worldwide awareness of the Environment and to draw political attention and action towards conserving Mother Nature.
History of World Environment Day
World Environment Day was first declared by the United Nations General Assembly in 1974 to mark the opening of Stockholm Conference on Human Environment. UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) was created on the same day.
This conference is hosted in different cities every year and organized by different countries. UNEP is an agency of the United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, which helps developing nations worldwide to implement environmentally sound policies and practices.
World Environment Day 2020 – Significance
World Environment Day’s focus is to spread awareness about the environment and to make people take notice of the harm caused by the people to the environment. There are many aspects addressed during these awareness campaigns.
Some of the issues addressed are Air pollution, Marine pollution, Plastic over usage, Human overpopulation, global warming, deforestation, Water pollution, etc. If we don’t act upon it now, we will have no source of living for the future.
It also draws political attention towards the drafting of National policies which help preserve the environment. Also helps in raising funds to support the activities for maintaining and developing better Environment for a better quality of living.
World Environment Day – Symbols
Soft colours depicting Nature like green, brown and blue are used. Images of Nature, Snowy Mountains, bright and clean beaches, National flora and Fauna, unpolluted rivers, Forest images, Green Fern leaves are used as symbols in the campaigns to promote World Environment Day.
Themes of the World Environment Day
The Year 2019 Theme – Air Pollution
Campaigns focused on spreading awareness about the growing Air pollution, especially in cities and what we can do to control Air pollution. The host nation was China.
The Year 2018 Theme – Beat Plastic Pollution
Too much of Plastic usage has become very harmful to our environment. 70% of the Plastic produced so far cannot be recycled. Hence there were campaigns to spread awareness on plastic pollution with a Slogan: If you cannot reuse it refuse it. India Pledged to eliminate the usage of single-use plastics by 2022. The host nation was India.
The Year 2017 Theme – Connecting People to Nature
In cities and towns, we do not get to see much of greenery around. In the name of city development, we have cut down most of the most and created concrete jungles. Hence this year, the campaigns focused on connecting people to Nature. The host country was Canada.
The Year 2016 Theme – Go wild for Life
The campaigns in this year revolved around spreading awareness on illegal trading of wildlife. Host County was Angola in Paris.
The Year 2015 Theme – Seven Billion Dreams, One Planet. Consume with Care
The campaigns this year revolved around spreading awareness on carefully using the available natural resources and saving it for the future. Most of the natural resources are getting exhausted due to wastage and ignorance. Host Country was Italy.
The Year 2014 Theme – Small Islands Developing States
This year the campaigns revolved around spreading awareness on the challenges faced in developing Small Islands. The slogan: Raise your voice, not the sea level was used to bring the focus on global warming and rising ocean levels. Host County was Barbados.
The Year 2013 Theme – Think Eat Save
This year the campaigns revolved around spreading awareness about wastage and losses in food, which if appropriately conserved can release a massive amount of food and reduce the carbon footprints. Host Country was Mongolia.
The Year 2012 Theme – Green Economy
This year the campaigns focused on letting people evaluate their lifestyle and see how to fit in the concept of “Green Economy”. Host County was Brazil.
The Year 2011 Theme – Forests – Nature at your service
This year the campaigns focused on saving Forests, Beach and river cleanups, tree planting etc. Host Country was India.
The Year 2010 Theme – Many Species, One Planet, One Nature
This year the campaigns focused on Biodiversity. Host Countries were Rwanda, Pittsburg and Pennsylvania.
The Year 2009 Theme – Unite to combat climate changes
This year the campaigns revolved around how the Climate is changing for the worse, what can be done to control the switches. Michael Jackson’s Earth Song was released as per this year’s theme. Host Country was Mexico.
The Year 2008 Theme – CO2, Kick the Habit!, Towards a Low Carbon Economy
This year the campaigns revolved around achieving Carbon neutrality. Host Country was New Zealand.
The Year 2007 Theme – Melting Ice – A Hot Topic?
This year the campaigns revolved around spreading awareness on the changes happening in the Polar ecosystem. This year was declared as “The International Polar Year.” Host County was Norway.
The Year 2006 Theme – Deserts and Desertification.
This year the campaigns emphasized the importance of protecting Drylands. This year was celebrated with the Slogan: Don’t desert Drylands. Host County was Algeria.
The Year 2005 Theme – Green Cities
This year emphasized the importance of planting more trees in the cities for a greener ecosystem. Host Country was San Francisco.
World Environment Day 2020 Celebrations
World Environment Day is the easiest to celebrate and has so many simple ways of showing love to Nature and Nurture it. Protecting and conserving Nature is our responsibility. We should act on it now so that we have something to look forward to in the future.
Plant a Tree: You can do this small social activity in your locality on a Sunday. Gather some of your neighbours and get them to plant one sapling per house. Let them take the responsibility of watering and nurturing that sapling until it grows into a tree. This way, your locality will be much greener and will have fresher air with more Oxygen.
Seminar on Environment: Hold workshops on various topics concerning the Environment like climate changes, global warming, melting of the icebergs hence the raise in the Sea levels, Deforestation, Protecting the Wildlife etc.
Flash Mob: Organize a flash mob with topics about Environment. This Visual medium is a brilliant and aggressive way to spread the message quicker amongst the youth.
Afforestation: Preserve the National reservoirs. Save them from being cut and made into concrete jungles. These forests are the reason we get rains and are the house of wildlife.
Plays / Drama / Dance: Stage a play to bring awareness about global warming. Tell people about how Earth’s green carpet is getting lesser and lesser by each passing day and what we can do to save the Earth’s green carpet.
Freshwater Lake Restoration: It is not only the sole responsibility of the government to clean and restore the freshwater lakes. It is also on us to make an effort in this front. With the help of the lake cleaning organizations, locals can join hands in cleaning restoring and maintaining the lakes.
Reduce Plastic usage: Refuse to take the single-use plastics. Reduce the usage of plastics and replace it with steel, copper and other reusable, recyclable materials. Carry your bags while you go shopping. Reuse the containers that can be washed and carried.
Judicial use of Automobiles Electronic devices like Air- Conditioners help in controlling Air pollution. Replace Petrol / Diesel Vehicles with Solar or Electric ones. Set up Natural Air- Conditioners instead of the Electronic ones.
Mother Nature is an excellent source of life. We get all the resources required to live life on this planet from the Environment. Let us join hands and make small efforts in conserving and Nurturing the Environment for our better and greener future.
FAQ’s on World Environment Day 2020
1. Who started Environment Day?
The Stockholm conference relating to issues on ‘Human Environment’ took place in the year 1972. On the first day of this conference, the UN General Assembly conceptualised the idea of World Environment Day.
2. Why is 5th June celebrated as Environment Day?
We, as humans, require symbolic reminders to spread awareness on the need to protect nature and the environment around us. It was on June 5th 1972 that the first day of the Stockholm conference held by the UN General Assembly took place. This day began to be regarded as World Environment Day since then.
3. When did World Environment Day start?
The first World Environment Day [WED] was celebrated in the year 1974. The theme of the first WED was “Only One Earth”. Since its inception, celebrations for World Environment Day have been taking place annually. From 1987, the system of selecting and rotating host countries for the annual event was also initiated.
4. What is the theme for World Environment Day 2020?
“Celebrate Biodiversity” is the theme for World Environment Day celebrations for the year 2020. The host country for 2020 is Colombia, but the country is hosting the event in partnership with Germany.
5. What can we do for World Environment Day?
Our greatest contribution to WED is to ensure the survival of all living species on Earth. We have to ensure sustainable development for all habitats and maintain the balance between ecosystems. We should also control climatic changes, reduce pollution drastically, promote forest conservation and protect our natural resources. We should not waste water and maintain diversity among different species in our environment.